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Herpes: Types, Causes, and treatment

What is herpes disease?

Herpes disease is an infectious skin disease that is more widespread among children, and the disease is divided into two types, bullous Herpes, and non-bullous Herpes, the symptoms vary depending on the type of disease, and Herpes may cause some rare complications such as kidney problems, cellulitis, and rheumatic fever, and the treatment of Herpes depends on the use of topical or oral antibiotics children or infants may suffer from the appearance of some red-colored sores, especially around the mouth and nose, the child can easily pick up the infection when rubbing with people infected with Herpes, especially if they have open wounds in the skin, due to these skin ulcers are attributed to a certain type of bacteria.

Herpes: Types, Causes, and treatment

Herpes is a bacterial infection of the skin, it can affect adults, but it is more widespread among infants and children, Herpes disease is divided into two types:

1. Non-Crystalline herpes:

Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes.

2-bullous Herpes:

Infection with them is due only to Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.

Causes of herpes disease

Infection with herpes is due to contact with skin ulcers in infected people or as a result of using objects touched by the infected with Herpes, the bacteria are transmitted causing symptoms within one to three days of exposure to bacteria in the case of streptococcal infection, or within four to ten days in the case of streptococcal infection،

There are several factors that may increase the likelihood of developing herpes:

Infection with diseases of the skin, such as eczema, fungal infection, scabies, or exposure to insect bites and body lice. Open wounds on the skin or recent scratches when in contact with people with Herpes.

Age: herpes is most common in children between the ages of two and five. Climate: Herpes can affect anyone anywhere in the world, but it is more prevalent in subtropical regions where high heat and high humidity in summer, or tropical regions with a humid and dry climate. Neglect of personal hygiene. Being in crowded places such as schools, where the likelihood of coming into contact with people infected with the disease increases.

Symptoms of herpes disease

Symptoms of herpes disease vary depending on its type, as follows:

1-symptoms of bullous Herpes

Bullous Herpes disease is often not accompanied by any organic symptoms, and the symptoms of the disease appear initially in the form of small red skin papules similar to insect bites, affecting the nostrils and the area around the mouth, and may extend to the extremities, and these papules quickly turn into ulcers and then into blisters that peel off afterward forming characteristic honey-colored crusts, and sometimes these superficial ulcers cause pain or itching, and bullous Herpes disease may be accompanied by enlarged lymph nodes adjacent to the places of infection, and the skin recovers as soon as those crusts dry which often does not leave behind any scars, and the infection may persist for two to three weeks if you do not undergo treatment.

2-symptoms of bullous Herpes

Bullous Herpes disease is characterized by the formation of loose bubbles, as a result of the secretion of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria a kind of toxin that weakens the adhesion between the cells, which separates the upper skin layer (epidermis) and the inner skin (dermis), these bubbles appear in the areas of the trunk, armpits, extremities and the diaper area in children, the upper layer of the bubbles is torn it leaves behind no scars.

Bullous Herpes disease is accompanied by some organic symptoms such as

Diarrhea, fever, and a feeling of asthenia, but are uncommon.

Diagnosis of herpes disease

The dermatologist diagnoses herpes disease based on the appearance of sores on the skin, and the doctor may order laboratory tests of a sample of pimples or crusts, in order to determine the type of bacteria causing the disease, and then prescribe the optimal antibiotic.

Treatment of herpes.

The treatment of herpes depends on the use of topical and oral antibiotics, as topical antibiotics are characterized by the possibility of using them only on the affected area, which reduces the risk of problems associated with oral antibiotics, such as bacterial resistance to antibiotics or side effects that may accompany them, such as those affecting the gastrointestinal tract and others. The substance is retapamulin. Fusidic acid. Oral antibiotics are a treatment option if the infection spreads to large parts of the skin, and one of the oral antibiotics used is cephalosporins. Clindamycin. Sulfamethoxazole.

Complications of herpes disease 

Herpes is not a serious disease in most cases, and it may rarely cause some complications, some of which may appear within one to two weeks of the skin healing from the sores caused by the disease، 

Complications of herpes disease include: 

Rheumatic fever.  

Cellulitis, as the infection in this case, penetrates the subcutaneous tissue and may reach the lymph nodes and bloodstream. Scars. Prevention of herpes disease the skin with a wound or some skin disease represents a suitable environment for herpes disease،

Prevention of herpes disease

1-clean wounds, scratches, or insect bites by washing them with lukewarm water and soap immediately after infection،

2-treatment of skin diseases when infected, such as eczema.

Tips to prevent the spread of the herpes 

Herpes can spread easily, but it is no longer contagious after two days of receiving treatment or after the pimples dry and the crust forms on them, in case the patient has not received treatment for the disease, there are several tips to reduce the spread of herpes:

1-pay attention to personal hygiene and be careful to wash your hands with soap and water, then dry them. 

2-not go to work or school in case of illness, and stay at home for treatment. 

3-avoid direct contact between the herpes patient and children or those with weak immunity, such as those receiving chemotherapy or those with diabetes, to protect them from the risk of contracting the disease. Do not touch pimples and scaly spots, take care of their cleanliness, dry them, and then cover them with a gauze bandage to prevent the formation of scars or the spread of infection to other places on the body.

4-washing clothes, sheets, and towels used by the patient using detergents and hot water. Washing and cleaning children's toys with warm water.

5-Take care to dispose directly of the used bandages in a plastic bag and then in the trash, and wash hands thoroughly afterward.

6-the patient should use his own sheets and towels alone, and not share them with others. Wash hands with soap and water before and after touching pimples and crusts.

7-avoid preparing food for others if the person has Herpes. Pay attention to a manicure.


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